Municipal Affairs and Environment

Operator On-site Training Curriculum

The on-site training curriculum currently includes the following sessions:


  • Primary and secondary disinfection principles
  • Chlorine residual monitoring using colorimeter test kits
  • CT factors

Hypo Chlorination

  • General operation of chemical feed pump systems
  • Required maintenance for chemical feed pumps
  • Troubleshooting chemical feed pumps
  • Solution mixing
  • Hypochlorite titration testing

Hypo Chlorination

Gas Chlorination

  • General operation of gas chlorination systems
  • Maintenance of gas chlorination systems, including disassembly of an injector and vacuum regulator
  • Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) & full-faced cartridge air respirator
  • Chlorine gas cylinder use and handling, including proper protocols for cylinder changeover
  • Chlorine gas detection system testing
  • Automatic switchover systems

Fire Hydrant Maintenance

  • General operational theory for hydrants
  • Maintenance of hydrants including drain ring plugging, valve cleaning and use of hydrant wrenches
  • Dismantling of cutaway hydrant
  • Conversion and extension kits
  • Surge control

Hydrant Maintenance

Control Valve Maintenance

  • Function of control valves in a water distribution system
  • Required maintenance including valve body cleaning
  • Operation of sustaining and reducing pilot controls
  • Dismantling of pressure reducing valve and pilot control system
  • Dismantling of air relief valves

Control Valve Management

Pipe Tapping

  • Introduction to installing service connections and curb stop replacements
  • Direct tapping
  • Saddle tapping
  • Use of aqua stop repair tools
  • Practical application of drilling & tapping equipment

Pipe Tapping

Leak Detection

  • Introduction to acoustic leak detection
  • Practical application of various acoustic leak detectors
  • Practical application of pipe location equipment
  • Discussing water loss and factors affecting leakage
  • Conducting hydrant surveys

Distribution System Flushing

  • Fundamentals of creating and managing a unidirectional flushing program
  • Creating a flushing schedule
  • Monitoring system pressures and flows
  • Analyzing a system’s capability of supporting a unidirectional flushing program
  • Equipment requirements
  • Identifying sensitive areas within the community
  • Locating and exercising of mainline gate valves

pH Adjustment

  • Definition of pH and the pH scale; difference between acids and bases and the purpose for maintaining pH in adherence with the Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water
  • Methods used to measure pH including equipment, accuracy, temperature effects, and calibration and maintenance of equipment
  • Alternative methods of pH adjustment
  • Injection of pH adjustment solutions (Solenoid Dosing Pumps or Dry Chemical Volumetric Feed Systems)
  • Description of the types of chemicals used for pH adjustment

Flow Meters

  • Introduction to common types of flow meters
  • Basic operation and maintenance
  • Installation, calibration and troubleshooting
  • Flow meters and leak detection techniques

Gas Monitor Use (WWC)

  • Overview of basic operation modes, settings and alarms
  • Sensor zeroing and calibration
  • Demonstration of the multi-gas testing
  • Basic maintenance and repair
  • Confined space overview

Rescue Systems (WWC)

  • Installation and operation of retrieval rescue systems
  • Installation and inspection of anchoring device
  • Basic maintenance and repair of rescue systems
  • Donning, use and inspection of personal protective equipment
  • Confined space overview
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