Municipal Affairs and Environment

Canada-Wide Standards (CWS) for Dioxins and Furans

Implementation Plan for Newfoundland and Labrador

Emissions from Municipal Waste Incinerators and Coastal Pulp and Paper Boilers burning salt laden wood


This CWS sets out numeric targets and timeframes for reducing dioxin and furan emissions from new and existing municipal, medical, hazardous and sewage sludge incineration.

The CWS for Conical Waste Combustor to be endorsed by CCME in 2002.

Nature and Application Conical waste combustors have been designated as a separate sector and a standard is being brought forward specifically for this sector.
Numeric Target/Timeframes

Currently there are no municipal, medical, hazardous or sewage sludge waste incinerators in Newfoundland and Labrador. Additionally there are no coastal pulp and paper boilers burning salt laden wood that has either been transported or stored in salt water.

Therefore, neither of these sectors needs to be addressed in regard to an implementation plan.

For any new municipal waste incineration facilities, Dioxin and Furan emissions must be less than 80pg/m3 I-TEQ, to be confirmed by annual source testing. Newfoundland and Labrador's Waste Management Strategy will develop modern standards and employ best available technology and waste diversion.

Sector linkages and co-benefits (multi-pollutant considerations) Reduction in emissions of Particulate Matter
Brief Statement of Problem

Dioxins and Furans are toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative and are classified as carcinogenic to humans. They result predominantly from human activity, and are slated for virtual elimination. Initial efforts have focused on atmospheric releases and six main sectors have been defined:

Conical Waste Combustion in Newfoundland and Labrador is the single largest source,

Municipal Waste combustion,

Burning salt laden wood in coastal pulp and paper boilers in British Columbia.

Residential wood combustion,

Iron sintering

Electric arc furnace used in steel manufacturing

The primary air quality management goal for dioxins and furans is to minimize or eliminate exposure to the compounds.

General Accountability Newfoundland and Labrador's approach to management of emissions from new municipal waste incineration facilities will be to incorporate the CWS into the conditions of the certificate of approval to operate within the province. Any new facilities will have to be approved under the conditions of the Environmental Assessment Act.
Public Role/Transparency Opportunity for full public consultation has already been provided in developing the Waste Management Strategy and will continue to be an important part of the process as the strategy develops.

Access to Information Information on Dioxin and Furan emissions are available upon request.

Verifiable Progress Any new facility will require a Certificate of Approval to operate, and this will define the necessary testing and emission standards.

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